Benoit B. Mandelbrot, 78, Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Yale University; and James A. Yorke, 61, Distinguished University Professor of Mathematics and Physics, University of Maryland, have won the Japan Prize. They will share the $412,00 prize money from the Science and Technology Foundation of Japan.
Mandelbrot has been called the "father of fractals"; Yorke has been called "Dr. Chaos," that is, the one who found the universal mechanism underlying nonlinear phenomena, naming it chaos.
The Japan Prize recognizes "original amd outstanding achievements that contribute to the progress of science and technology and the promotion of peace and prosperity of mankind."
Information about the award and this year's winners can be found at http://www.japanprize.jp/en/