The very first issue of Science
was published. The first item in the "Weekly summary of the progress of science" contained a report by Thomas Craig that "Lindemann gave a proof of the fact that pi cannot be a root of an equation of any degree with rational co-efficients. This is a most remarkable paper, as it thus contains the first direct, absolute proof that has ever been given of the impossibility of the quadrature of the circle... Lindemann has certainly done a splendid piece of work in thus absolutely proving the impossibility of 'squaring the circle'; and it is only to be regretted that his work will not carry conviction to the minds of those mistaken individuals, the 'circle-squarers.' But it is hardly to be supposed that they will be convinced of the futility of their task, any more than the perpetual-motion inventors were convinced by the discovery and enunciation of the principles of the conservation of energy."
More information about:
Ferdinand von Lindemann
Quadrature of the Circle