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Foundations and Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics

Howard Eves
Publisher: 
Dover Publications
Publication Date: 
1997
Number of Pages: 
362
Format: 
Paperback
Edition: 
3
Price: 
16.95
ISBN: 
048669609X
Category: 
Monograph
BLL Rating: 

The Basic Library List Committee recommends this book for acquisition by undergraduate mathematics libraries.

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1. Mathematics Before Euclid
  1.1 The Empirical Nature of pre-Hellenic Mathematics
  1.2 Induction Versus Deduction
  1.3 Early Greek Mathematics and the Introduction of Deductive Procedures
  1.4 Material Axiomatics
  1.5 The Origin of the Axiomatic Method
  Problems
2. Euclid's Elements
  2.1 The Importance and Formal Nature of Euclid's Elements
  2.2 Aristotle and Proclus on the Axiomatic Method
  2.3 Euclid's Definitions, Axioms, and Postulates
  2.4 Some Logical Shortcomings of Euclid's Elements
  2.5 The End of the Greek Period and the Transition to Modern Times
  Problems
3. Non-Euclidean Geometry
  3.1 Euclid's Fifth Postulate
  3.2 Saccheri and the Reductio ad Absurdum Method
  3.3 The Work of Lambert and Legendre
  3.4 The Discovery of Non-Euclidean Geometry
  3.5 The Consistency and the Significance of Non-Euclidean Geometry
  Problems
4. Hilbert's Grundlagen
  4.1 The Work of Pasch, Peano, and Pieri
  4.2 Hilbert's Grundlagen der Geometrie
  4.3 Poincaré's Model and the Consistency of Lobachevskian Geometry
  4.4 Analytic Geometry
  4.5 Projective Geometry and the Principle of Duality
  Problems
5. Algebraic Structure
  5.1 Emergence of Algebraic Structure
  5.2 The Liberation of Algebra
  5.3 Groups
  5.4 The Significance of Groups in Algebra and Geometry
  5.5 Relations
  Problems
6. Formal Axiomatics
  6.1 Statement of the Modern Axiomatic Method
  6.2 A Simple Example of a Branch of Pure Mathematics
  6.3 Properties of Postulate Sets--Equivalence and Consistency
  6.4 Properties of Postulate Sets--Independence, Completeness, and Categoricalness
  6.5 Miscellaneous Comments
  Problems
7. The Real Number System
  7.1 Significance of the Real Number System for the Foundations of Analysis
  7.2 The Postulational Approach to the Real Number System
  7.3 The Natural Numbers and the Principle of Mathematical Induction
  7.4 The Integers and the Rational Numbers
  7.5 The Real Numbers and the Complex Numbers
  Problems
8. Sets
  8.1 Sets and Their Basic Relations and Operations
  8.2 Boolean Algebra
  8.3 Sets and the Foundations of Mathematics
  8.4 Infinite Sets and Transfinite Numbers
  8.5 Sets and the Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics
  Problems
9. Logic and Philosophy
  9.1 Symbolic Logic
  9.2 The Calculus of Propositions
  9.3 Other Logics
  9.4 Crises in the Foundations of Mathematics
  9.5 Philosophies of Mathematics
  Problems
Appendix 1. The First Twenty-Eight Propositions of Euclid
Appendix 2. Euclidean Constructions
Appendix 3. Removal of Some Redundancies
Appendix 4. Membership Tables
Appendix 5. A Constructive Proof of the Existence of Transcendental Numbers
Appendix 6. The Eudoxian Resolution of the First Crisis in the Foundations of Mathematics
Appendix 7. Nonstandard Analysis
Appendix 8. The Axiom of Choice
Appendix 9. A Note on Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem
Bibliography; Solution Suggestions for Selected Problems; Index

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