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Numerical Methods for Stochastic Computations: A Spectral Method approach

Publisher: 
Princeton University Press
Number of Pages: 
125
Price: 
45.00
ISBN: 
9780691142128
Date Received: 
Thursday, October 7, 2010
Reviewable: 
No
Include In BLL Rating: 
No
Reviewer Email Address: 
Dongbin Xiu
Publication Date: 
2010
Format: 
Hardcover
Category: 
Textbook

Preface xi
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
1.1 Stochastic Modeling and Uncertainty Quantification 1
1.1.1 Burgers' Equation: An Illustrative Example 1
1.1.2 Overview of Techniques 3
1.1.3 Burgers' Equation Revisited 4
1.2 Scope and Audience 5
1.3 A Short Review of the Literature 6

Chapter 2: Basic Concepts of Probability Theory 9
2.1 Random Variables 9
2.2 Probability and Distribution 10
2.2.1 Discrete Distribution 11
2.2.2 Continuous Distribution 12
2.2.3 Expectations and Moments 13
2.2.4 Moment-Generating Function 14
2.2.5 Random Number Generation 15
2.3 Random Vectors 16
2.4 Dependence and Conditional Expectation 18
2.5 Stochastic Processes 20
2.6 Modes of Convergence 22
2.7 Central Limit Theorem 23

Chapter 3: Survey of Orthogonal Polynomials and Approximation Theory 25
3.1 Orthogonal Polynomials 25
3.1.1 Orthogonality Relations 25
3.1.2 Three-Term Recurrence Relation 26
3.1.3 Hypergeometric Series and the Askey Scheme 27
3.1.4 Examples of Orthogonal Polynomials 28
3.2 Fundamental Results of Polynomial Approximation 30
3.3 Polynomial Projection 31
3.3.1 Orthogonal Projection 31
3.3.2 Spectral Convergence 33
3.3.3 Gibbs Phenomenon 35
3.4 Polynomial Interpolation 36
3.4.1 Existence 37
3.4.2 Interpolation Error 38
3.5 Zeros of Orthogonal Polynomials and Quadrature 39
3.6 Discrete Projection 41

Chapter 4: Formulation of Stochastic Systems 44
4.1 Input Parameterization: Random Parameters 44
4.1.1 Gaussian Parameters 45
4.1.2 Non-Gaussian Parameters 46
4.2 Input Parameterization: Random Processes and Dimension Reduction 47
4.2.1 Karhunen-Loeve Expansion 47
4.2.2 Gaussian Processes 50
4.2.3 Non-Gaussian Processes 50
4.3 Formulation of Stochastic Systems 51
4.4 Traditional Numerical Methods 52
4.4.1 Monte Carlo Sampling 53
4.4.2 Moment Equation Approach 54
4.4.3 Perturbation Method 55

Chapter 5: Generalized Polynomial Chaos 57
5.1 Definition in Single Random Variables 57
5.1.1 Strong Approximation 58
5.1.2 Weak Approximation 60
5.2 Definition in Multiple Random Variables 64
5.3 Statistics 67

Chapter 6: Stochastic Galerkin Method 68
6.1 General Procedure 68
6.2 Ordinary Differential Equations 69
6.3 Hyperbolic Equations 71
6.4 Diffusion Equations 74
6.5 Nonlinear Problems 76

Chapter 7: Stochastic Collocation Method 78
7.1 Definition and General Procedure 78
7.2 Interpolation Approach 79
7.2.1 Tensor Product Collocation 81
7.2.2 Sparse Grid Collocation 82
7.3 Discrete Projection: Pseudospectral Approach 83
7.3.1 Structured Nodes: Tensor and Sparse Tensor Constructions 85
7.3.2 Nonstructured Nodes: Cubature 86
7.4 Discussion: Galerkin versus Collocation 87

Chapter 8: Miscellaneous Topics and Applications 89
8.1 Random Domain Problem 89
8.2 Bayesian Inverse Approach for Parameter Estimation 95
8.3 Data Assimilation by the Ensemble Kalman Filter 99
8.3.1 The Kalman Filter and the Ensemble Kalman Filter 100
8.3.2 Error Bound of the EnKF 101
8.3.3 Improved EnKF via gPC Methods 102

Appendix A: Some Important Orthogonal Polynomials in the Askey Scheme 105
A.1 Continuous Polynomials 106
A.2 Discrete Polynomials 108

Appendix B: The Truncated Gaussian Model G(a?, ?ß) 113
References 117
Index 127

Publish Book: 
Modify Date: 
Thursday, October 7, 2010

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