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Principles of Scientific Methods

Mark Chang
Publisher: 
Chapman & Hall/CRC
Publication Date: 
2014
Number of Pages: 
237
Format: 
Paperback
Price: 
49.95
ISBN: 
9781482238099
Category: 
Textbook
We do not plan to review this book.

Science in Perspective
Philosophy of Science
Theories of Truth
Determinism and Free Will
The Similarity Principle
The Parsimony Principle
Essence of Understanding
Discovery or Invention
Observation
Experimentation
Interpretation
Qualitative and Quantitative Research

 

Formal Reasoning
Mathematics as Science
Induction
Deduction
Logic Computation
Mathematical Induction
Thought Experiments
Fitch’s Knowability Paradox
Incompleteness Theorem
Pigeonhole Principle
Proof by Contradiction
Dimensional Analysis

 

Experimentation
Overview of Experimentation
Experimentation in Life Science
Control and Blinding
Experiment Design
Retrospective and Prospective Studies
Validity and Integrity
Confounding Factors
Variation and Bias
Randomization
Adaptive Experiment
Ethical Issues

 

Scientific Inference
The Concept of Probability
Probability Distribution
Evidential Measures
Hypothesis Test
Likelihood Principle
Bayesian Reasoning
Causal Space
Decision Theory
Statistical Modeling
Data Mining
Misconceptions and Pitfalls in Statistics

 

Dynamics of Science
Science as Art
Evolution
Devolution
Classical Game Theory
Evolutionary Game Theory
Networks and Graph Theory
Evolutionary Dynamics of Networks
Brownian Motion
Stochastic Decision Process
Swarm Intelligence
From Ancient Pictograph to Modern Graphics

 

Controversies and Challenges
Fairness of Social System
Centralized and Decentralized Decisions
Newcomb’s Paradox
The Monty Hall Dilemma
The Two-Envelope Paradox
Simpson’s Paradox
Regression to the Mean
Causation, Association, Correlation, and Confounding
Multiple Testing
Exploratory and Confirmatory Studies
Probability and Statistics Revisited

 

Case Studies
Social Genius of Animals
Mendel’s Genetics Experiments
Pavlov’s Dogs, Skinner’s Box
Ants That Count!
Disease Outbreak and Network Chaos
Technological Innovation
Critical Path Analysis
Revelations of the Braess Paradox
Artificial Swarm Intelligence
One Stone Three Birds
Scaling in Biology
Genetic Programming
Mechanical Analogy
Numerical Methods
Pyramid and Ponzi Schemes
Material Dating in Archaeology
Molecular Design
Clinical Trials
Publication Bias
Information and Entropy

 

Bibliography

Index

Dummy View - NOT TO BE DELETED