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Risk Assessment and Decision Analysis with Bayesian Networks

Norman Fenton and Martin Neil
Publisher: 
Chapman & Hall/CRC
Publication Date: 
2013
Number of Pages: 
503
Format: 
Hardcover
Price: 
79.95
ISBN: 
9781439809105
Category: 
Textbook
We do not plan to review this book.

There Is More to Assessing Risk Than Statistics
Introduction
Predicting Economic Growth: The Normal Distribution and Its Limitations
Patterns and Randomness: From School League Tables to Siegfried and Roy
Dubious Relationships: Why You Should Be Very Wary of Correlations and
Their Significance Values
Spurious Correlations: How You Can Always Find a Silly ‘Cause’ of Exam
Success
The Danger of Regression: Looking Back When You Need to Look Forward
The Danger of Averages
When Simpson’s Paradox Becomes More Worrisome
Uncertain Information and Incomplete Information: Do Not Assume They Are
Different
Do Not Trust Anybody (Even Experts) to Properly Reason about Probabilities
Chapter Summary
Further Reading

The Need for Causal, Explanatory Models in Risk Assessment
Introduction
Are You More Likely to Die in an Automobile Crash When the Weather Is
Good Compared to Bad?
The Limitations of Common Approaches to Risk Assessment
Thinking about Risk Using Causal Analysis
Applying the Causal Framework to Armageddon
Summary
Further Reading

Measuring Uncertainty: The Inevitability of Subjectivity
Introduction
Experiments, Outcomes, and Events
Frequentist versus Subjective View of Uncertainty
Summary
Further Reading

The Basics of Probability
Introduction
Some Observations Leading to Axioms and Theorems of Probability
Probability Distributions
Independent Events and Conditional Probability
Binomial Distribution
Using Simple Probability Theory to Solve Earlier Problems and Explain
Widespread Misunderstandings
Summary
Further Reading

Bayes’ Theorem and Conditional Probability
Introduction
All Probabilities Are Conditional
Bayes’ Theorem
Using Bayes’ Theorem to Debunk Some Probability Fallacies
Second-Order Probability
Summary
Further Reading

From Bayes’ Theorem to Bayesian Networks
Introduction
A Very Simple Risk Assessment Problem
Accounting for Multiple Causes (and Effects)
Using Propagation to Make Special Types of Reasoning Possible
The Crucial Independence Assumptions
Structural Properties of BNs
Propagation in Bayesian Networks
Using BNs to Explain Apparent Paradoxes
Steps in Building and Running a BN Model
Summary
Further Reading
Theoretical Underpinnings
BN Applications
Nature and Theory of Causality
Uncertain Evidence (Soft and Virtual)

Defining the Structure of Bayesian Networks
Introduction
Causal Inference and Choosing the Correct Edge Direction
The Idioms
The Problems of Asymmetry and How to Tackle Them
Multiobject Bayesian Network Models
The Missing Variable Fallacy
Conclusions
Further Reading

Building and Eliciting Node Probability Tables
Introduction
Factorial Growth in the Size of Probability Tables
Labeled Nodes and Comparative Expressions
Boolean Nodes and Functions
Ranked Nodes
Elicitation
Summary
Further Reading

Numeric Variables and Continuous Distribution Functions
Introduction
Some Theory on Functions and Continuous Distributions
Static Discretization
Dynamic Discretization
Using Dynamic Discretization
Avoiding Common Problems When Using Numeric Nodes
Summary
Further Reading

Hypothesis Testing and Confidence Intervals
Introduction
Hypothesis Testing
Confidence Intervals
Summary
Further Reading

Modeling Operational Risk
Introduction
The Swiss Cheese Model for Rare Catastrophic Events
Bow Ties and Hazards
Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
Event Tree Analysis (ETA)
Soft Systems, Causal Models, and Risk Arguments
KUUUB Factors
Operational Risk in Finance
Summary
Further Reading

Systems Reliability Modeling
Introduction
Probability of Failure on Demand for Discrete Use Systems
Time to Failure for Continuous Use Systems
System Failure Diagnosis and Dynamic Bayesian Networks
Dynamic Fault Trees (DFTs)
Software Defect Prediction
Summary
Further Reading

Bayes and the Law
Introduction
The Case for Bayesian Reasoning about Legal Evidence
Building Legal Arguments Using Idioms
The Evidence Idiom
The Evidence Accuracy Idiom
Idioms to Deal with the Key Notions of “Motive” and “Opportunity”
Idiom for Modeling Dependency between Different Pieces of Evidence
Alibi Evidence Idiom
Putting it All Together: Vole Example
Using BNs to Expose Further Fallacies of Legal Reasoning
Summary
Further Reading

Appendix A: The Basics of Counting
Appendix B: The Algebra of Node Probability Tables
Appendix C: Junction Tree Algorithm
Appendix D: Dynamic Discretization
Appendix E: Statistical Distributions

Dummy View - NOT TO BE DELETED