Hölder’s inequality is here applied to the Cobb-Douglas...

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**When a Mechanical Model Goes Nonlinear: Unexpected Responses to Low-Periodic Shaking**

by Lisa D. Humphreys and P. Joseph McKenna

lhumphreys@ric.edu, mckenna@math.uconn.edu

This article studies the consequences of forcing a simple suspension bridge mechanical model with very-low-frequency periodic forcing. When the amplitude becomes big enough for the cables to slacken, a wide variety of interesting periodic responses are observed, many of which are quite counterintuitive. The most notable common theme is that as soon as the mass is forced into the nonlinear regime, the low-frequency forcing induces a response with a large high-frequency component.

**Irreducible Quartic Polynomials with Factorizations modulo p **

by Eric Driver, Philip A. Leonard, and Kenneth S. Williams

eric.driver@lmco.com, philip.leonard.asu.edu williams@math.carleton.ca

A simple arithmetic condition is given that is both necessary and sufficient for a biquadratic polynomial with integer coefficients to be irreducible over the integers but reducible modulo every prime. A similar condition is given for reducibility modulo every positive integer. A wealth of examples is provided for classroom use.

**On the Zeroes of the Nth Partial Sum of the Exponential Series **

by Stephen M. Zemyan

smz3@psu.edu

Many mathematicians think that the exponential function is the most important function in mathematics. The purpose of this paper is to learn more about it by studying the zeroes of its *N*th partial sums. The first half of this paper reviews the known general properties of these zeroes (i.e., those found somewhere in the literature). In particular, we discuss their location and arrangement in the plane. These known results were established primarily by Szegö and others. The second half of this paper begins by showing that the minimum distance between any two adjacent zeroes of any *N*th partial sum is bounded below independently of *N*. Then we study the moment sums of the zeroes (i.e., the sums of their integer powers). Surprisingly, these moment sums are integers for every *N* and each positive power *p*! Additionally, these integral moment sums seem to contain greater and greater powers of *N* as *p* increases. The techniques of this paper may be applied to the partial sums of other entire functions and to other sets of polynomials. The content of this paper is accessible to undergraduates. There are ten unsolved problems of analytic and number theoretic interest presented within the paper.

**Notes**

**On Homeomorphism Groups and the Compact-Open Topology**

by Jan J. Dijkstra

dijkstra@cs.vu.nl

**Transpositions and Representability**

by Zhibo Chen and Gary L. Mullen

zxc4@psu.edu, mullen@math.psu.edu

**Generating Edge-Labeled Trees**

by Oleg Pikhurko

pikhurko@andrew.cmu.edu

**A Remark on the Erdös-Szekeres Theorem**

by Adrian Dumitrescu

ad@cs.uwm.edu/p>

**On the Moduli of the Zeros of a Polynomial**

by Seon-Hong Kim

shkim17@mail.chosun.ac.kr

**Evolution ofÂ…**

**Nonstandard Analysis **

by Leif Arkeryd

**Problems and Solutions**

**Reviews**

**Functional Analysis**

By Peter D. Lax

Reviewed by Gerald B. Folland

folland@math.washington.edu

**Functional Analysis: An Introduction**

By Yuli Eidelman, Vitaly Milman, and Antonis Tsolomitis

Reviewed by Gerald B. Folland

folland@math.washington.edu