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This is a page from the Rechenbuch of Adam Riese. It deals with the measurement of barrels. Also a page that has a table showing numbers both in German words, in Roman numerals, and in the Hindu-Arabic numerals.
The perimeters of two similar triangles are 45 and 135 respectively. One side of the first triangle has length 11″ and a second side, 19″. Find the lengths of the sides of the second triangle.
Find the area of the elliptical segment cut off parallel to the shorter axis;
A lady being asked how old she was at the time of her marriage replied that the age of her oldest son was 13; that he was born 2 years after her marriage...
A cylindrical tin tomato can is to be made which shall have a given capacity. Find what should be the ratio of the height to the radius of the base that the smallest possible amount of tin shall be required.
The king of France entered into a battle and was defeated. How many soldiers did he have before he was defeated?

Mesopotamian accounting evolved from simple clay token counters to a number-recording system that included impressions of these tokens on clay tablets.

As for a square piece of land that amounts to 100 square cubits, if it is said to you, "Cause it to make a piece of land that amounts to 100 square cubits that is round," what is the required diameter?
This is the title page of the 1779 edition of the works of Isaac Newton known at that time. Note that this is a much shorter book than the recent eight volume collection of Newton's mathematical papers, edited by Derek Whiteside.
A copper water tank in the form of a rectangular parallelopiped is to made. If its length is to be a times its breadth, how high should it be that for a given capacity it should cost as little as possible?