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A tree 100 units high is 200 units distant from a well; from this tree one monkey climbs down and goes to the well...

Our reviewer praises the selection of excerpts, the use of facsimiles rather than transcriptions, and the commentary and English translation in this collection.

The story of Gerbert, who became Pope Sylvester II in 999, and his mathematics.
There is a lion in a well whose depth is 50 palms. He climbs and slips back a certain amount each day. In how many days will he get out of the well?
This is the title page of the Treatise of Algebra (1685), by John Wallis. This is probably the first attempt at a history of the subject of algebra, presented in the context of a text on the subject. Among the most famous parts of this treatise is Wallis's discussion of the work of Thomas Harriot, especially his contention that Rene Descartes plagiarized Harriot's symbolization procedure in algebra.
A new history of mathematics text which asks lots of questions about the history and the mathematics.
One says that 10 garments were purchased by two men at a price of 72 dirhams. The garments varied in value. The price of each garment of one man is 3 dirhams more than the price for each garment of the other. How many garments did each man buy?
Given a number, take 1/3 of the number away from itself and add 2. If this result is multiplied by itself, it equals the number plus 24. What is the number?
There is a four-sided field whose eastern side measures 35 paces, its western side 45 paces, its southern side 25 paces and its northern side 15 paces. Find the area of this field.
A general mathematics website with much information on the history of mathematics.