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Suppose that for every 4 cows a farmer has, he should plow 1 acre of land, and allow 1 acre of pasture for every 3 cows; how many cows could he keep on 140 acres?
The Euler Society was founded as the tercentennial of the birth of the prolific Swiss-born genius Leonhard Euler approaches. The 2006 meeting is the fifth annual meeting of the Society.
Determine the dimensions for a right-angled triangle, having been given the hypotenuse, and the side of the inscribed square.

This book demonstrates the relationship between the mathematics in some recently discovered Babylonian tablets and some standard problems from Egyptian mathematics.

Our reviewer praises the selection of excerpts, the use of facsimiles rather than transcriptions, and the commentary and English translation in this collection.

The three sides of a triangular piece of land, taken in order, measure 15, 10, and 13 chains respectively.
Make of 10 three parts such that one part multiplied by 3 makes as much as the other multiplied by 4 and as the other multiplied by 5.
This is the title page of the Treatise of Algebra (1685), by John Wallis. This is probably the first attempt at a history of the subject of algebra, presented in the context of a text on the subject. Among the most famous parts of this treatise is Wallis's discussion of the work of Thomas Harriot, especially his contention that Rene Descartes plagiarized Harriot's symbolization procedure in algebra.
Given a number, take 1/3 of the number away from itself and add 2. If this result is multiplied by itself, it equals the number plus 24. What is the number?
Suppose General [George] Washington had 800 men and was supplied with provisions to last 2 months but he needed to feed his army for 7 months.