A woodcutter starts to fell a tree 4 feet in diameter, and cuts half way through. One face of the cut is horizontal, and the other face is inclined to the horizontal at an angle of 45 degrees. Find the volume of the wood cut out.
This is the opening page of the section of the geometrical work of Oronce Fine (1494-1555) dealing with Euclid's work on circles. This is part of Fine's major work entitled Protomathesis, which covered arithmetic, astronomy and astronomical instruments, as well as geometry.