Images from <em>De revolutionibus,</em> the book of Nicolaus Copernicus in which he presented his heliocentric theory, arguing that the planets, including the Earth, rotated about the Sun

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Collection (from 1614) of Roger Bacon's 13th century writings on applications of mathematics

Beautifully illustrated practical mathematics manuscript designed to impress King James I

Our reviewer finds this collection of translations of Babylonian mathematical tablets to be both fascinating and accessible.

The first arithmetic book published in England was a 1522 Latin text by Cuthbert Tunstall.

A collection of articles in the history of mathematics that appeared in journals of the Mathematical Association of America over the past 90 years.

Paul Halmos Photograph Collection, page 2: Arveson, Aschbacher, Askey, Lininger, Atiyah, Doob

This is the title page to Rene Descartes' Treatise on Method, with its three famous essays on Dioptrics, Meteorology, and Geometry. The third essay contains Descartes' treatment of analytic geometry as well as his theory of equations and his rule for finding the normal to a given curve.

One says that 10 is divided into three parts and if the small part is multiplied by itself and added to the middle one multiplied by itself the result is the large one multiplied by itself...

A copper water tank in the form of a rectangular parallelopiped is to made. If its length is to be a times its breadth, how high should it be that for a given capacity it should cost as little as possible?