Leonard and Thomas Digges applied mathematics to the science of war, including, as illustrated here, for troop formation.

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Images from <em>De revolutionibus,</em> the book of Nicolaus Copernicus in which he presented his heliocentric theory, arguing that the planets, including the Earth, rotated about the Sun

Collection (from 1614) of Roger Bacon's 13th century writings on applications of mathematics

Beautifully illustrated practical mathematics manuscript designed to impress King James I

Our reviewer finds this collection of translations of Babylonian mathematical tablets to be both fascinating and accessible.

Given a number, take 1/3 of the number away from itself and add 2. If this result is multiplied by itself, it equals the number plus 24. What is the number?

An argument that the teaching of elementary integration should better reflect its historical development

A four-sided town measures 1100 feet on one side and 1000 feet on the other side, on one edge 600 and the other edge 600.

Title page of Jacob Bernoulli's Ars Conjectandi (The Art of Conjecturing), published posthumously in 1713 by his nephew Nicolaus I Bernoulli. The Ars Conjectandi is famous for Bernoulli's statement of a general rule for summing integral powers as well as for the first statement and proof of the Law of Large Numbers.

A book connecting mathematics to mysticism, but not recommended.