A gentleman has bought a rectangular piece of land whose perimeter is to be 100 rods; and he is to pay 1 dollar for each rod in the length of the land and 3 dollars for each rod in the breath of the land.

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Page 5 of Paul Halmos Photograph Collection: Paul Bateman, Felice Bateman, Edward Begle, Alexandra Bellow, William Johnson, Georgia Benkart, Lipman Bers

The square of a certain number multiplied by itself and by 200 is 446,976. What is the number?

This is the title page of the Margarita philosophica (Pearl of Wisdom) of Gregor Reisch (1467 - 1525). The first edition was published in 1503. This work was used as a university textbook in the early sixteenth century.

The authors makes the case for Leonardo da Vinci as the first modern scientist, as he discussed Leonardo's mathematics and science.

Find two numbers, x and y, such that their sum is 10 and x/y + y/x = 25

A powerful, unvanquished, excellent black snake, 80 angulas in length, enters into a hole at the rate of 7 1/2 angulas in 5/14 of a day, and in the course of a day its tail grows 11/4 of an angula.

In how many ways can a vowel and a consonant be chosen out of the word "logarithms?"

A man, his wife, and 2 sons desire to cross a river.

A mouse is at the top of a poplar tree 60 braccia high, and a cat is on the ground at its foot. The mouse decends 1/2 a braccia a day and at night it turns back 1/6 of a braccia.