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This is a page from the Rechenbuch of Adam Riese. It deals with the measurement of barrels. Also a page that has a table showing numbers both in German words, in Roman numerals, and in the Hindu-Arabic numerals.
Three men wish to buy a horse but none have a sufficient amount of money for the purchase; to do so they must borrow from each other. How much money does each man have and what is the price of the horse?
The sum of the two digits of a 2-digit number is 9. If 45 is subtracted from the number, the result will be expressed by the digits in reverse order. Find the number.
Divide 100 loaves of bread among 10 men including a boatman, a foreman, and a doorkeeper, who receives double portions. What is the share of each?
A summary of the history of the problem of finding the region of greatest area bounded by a given perimeter. This essay was a winner of the HOM SIGMAA student essay contest in 2006.
There are two piles, one containing 9 gold coins, the other 11 silver coins.
A sourcebook of original materials in the history of mathematics from ancient times to the early twentieth century.

Mesopotamian accounting evolved from simple clay token counters to a number-recording system that included impressions of these tokens on clay tablets.

This is the title page of the 1779 edition of the works of Isaac Newton known at that time. Note that this is a much shorter book than the recent eight volume collection of Newton's mathematical papers, edited by Derek Whiteside.
How long does it take a single man to do work when...