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The Arithmetic of Boethius (480-524) dates from the early sixth century. This page is from a mansucript (Plimpton MS 165) that dates from approximately 1294, written on vellum.
Having been given the sum of two numbers,a, and the difference of their squares,b, find the numbers.
Two ants are 100 paces apart, crawling back and forth along the same path. The first goes 1/3 pace forward a day and returns 1/4 pace; the other goes forward 1/5 pace and returns 1/6 pace. How many days before the first ant overtakes the second?
A man and his wife drink a barrel of wine at different rates. Find the rate it takes both of them together to drink the wine.
A circle is inscribed in an isosceles trapezoid. Find the relationship of the radius to the sides.
In Archimedes' Book of Lemmas (ca 250), he introduces a figure that, due to its shape, has historically been known as "the shoemaker's knife" or arbelos.

Images of the first printed edition of Euclid's Elements

Prove that if the sums of the square opposite sides of any quadrilateral are equal, its diagonals interect at right angles.
A new history of mathematics in ancient Mesopotamia, concentrating on its social aspects.
In a square box that contains 1000 marbles, how many will it take to reach across the bottom of the box in a straight row?