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Two excellent volumes on Euler in honor of his three hundredth birthday
A person has a circular yard that is 150 ft. in diameter, and wishes a walk of equal width made round it within the fence...
Two merchants, A and B, loaded a ship with 500 hhds (hogshead) of rum; A loaded 350 hhds, and B the rest; in a storm the seamen were obliged to throw overboard 100 hhds; how much must each sustain of the loss?
If 40 oranges are worth 60 apples, and 75 apples are worth 7 dozen peaches, and 100 peaches are worth 1 box of grapes and three boxes of grapes are worth 40 pounds of pecans, how many peaches can be bought for 100 oranges?

The author constructs a possible mathematical path from the ancient Babylonians to Pythagoras, Euclid, and the ancient Greeks.

An interesting problem from Banneker's notebook as well as other problems to use with students.
Three equal circumferences with radii 6" are tangent to each other. Compute the area enclosed between them.
In order to encourage his son in the study of arithmetic, a father agrees to pay him 8 pennies for every problem solved correctly and to charge him 5 pennies for each incorrect solution.
Twenty-three weary travelers entered a delightful forest. There they found 63 numerically equal piles of plantain fruit.
Having been given the lengths, a and b, of two straight lines drawn from the acute angles of a right triangle to the middle of the opposite sides, determine the length of those sides.