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Two men have a certain amount of money. The first says to the second, "If you give me 5 denari, I will have 7 times what you have left."
What proportions of sugar at 8 cents, 10 cents and 14 cents per pound, will compose a mixture worth 12 cents per pound?
Given a semicircle, Prove that if O is the circle's center, DO=OE.
This is the title page of the 1640 printing of Galileo's Operation of the Geometrical and Military Compass, originally published privately in 1606. Galileo had invented a version of this geometrical compass a few years earlier and evidently gave copies of this manual to those who bought the compass. The compass had many uses, from performing square root calculations to determining ranges of cannons to solving surveying problems.
There are two numbers which are to each other as 5 and 6 and the sum of their squares is 2196. What are the numbers?
The radius of a circle is 3.20 meters. Compute to within .001m the areas of the inscribed and circumscribed equilateral triangles.
Short sketches on how mathematicians work and think.
The dimensions of a rectangular box in inches are expressed by three consecutive numbers. The surface of the box is 292 square inches. Find the dimensions.
A translation from the original Greek of a manuscript on magic squares by the Byzantine scholar Manuel Moschopoulos, written about 1315