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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

One says that 10 garments were purchased by two men at a price of 72 dirhams. The garments varied in value. The price of each garment of one man is 3 dirhams more than the price for each garment of the other. How many garments did each man buy?
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
There is a log 18 feet long, the diameter of the extremities being 1 ft and 2.6 ft respectively...
There are two columns in the ruins of Persepolis left standing upright; one is 70 ft. above the plane, and the other 50 ft;
If 12 cattle eat up 3 1/3 acres of meadow in 4 weeks and 21 cattle eat up 10 acres of exactly similar meadow in 9 weeks, how many cattle shall eat up 36 acres in 18 weeks? (Hint: The grass continues to grow.)
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
A fish sees a heron looking at him from across a pool, so he quickly swims towards the south. When he reaches the south side of the pool, he has the unwelcome surprise of meeting the heron.
If a ball 6 inches in diameter weighs 32 lbs, what will be the weight of a ball 3 inches in diameter?
Find the two numbers such that multiplying one by the other makes 8 and the sum of their squares is 27
A man and his wife drink a barrel of wine at different rates. Find the rate it takes both of them together to drink the wine.

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