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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

There is a log of precious wood 18 feet long whose bases are 5 feet and 2.5 feet in circumference. Into what lengths should the log be cut to trisect its volume?
The three sides of a triangular piece of land, taken in order, measure 15, 10, and 13 chains respectively.
A merchant gave a university 2,814 ducats on the understanding that he was to be paid back 618 ducats per year for 9 years, at the end of which the 2,814 ducats should be considered as paid.
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
It is required to determine whether 30 horses can be put into 7 stalls; so that in every stall there may be, either a single horse, or an odd number of horses.
After a terrible battle it is found that 70% of the soldiers have lost an eye.
One says that 10 garments were purchased by two men at a price of 72 dirhams. The garments varied in value. The price of each garment of one man is 3 dirhams more than the price for each garment of the other. How many garments did each man buy?
Problems from a 15th century French manuscript, including one with negative solutions
There are two columns in the ruins of Persepolis left standing upright; one is 70 ft. above the plane, and the other 50 ft;
Now a pile of rice is against a wall, it has a base perimeter of 60 feet and a height of 12 feet.

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