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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Heron of Alexandria (ca 200) wrote on many aspects of applied mathematics.
Three persons bought a sugar loaf in the form of a perfect cone 25"" high and agreed to divide it...what was the slant height of each one's share?
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
You have two sums of money, the difference of which is 2 dirhams; you divide the smaller sum by the larger and the quotient is equal to 1/2. What are the two sums of money?
A fish sees a heron looking at him from across a pool, so he quickly swims towards the south. When he reaches the south side of the pool, he has the unwelcome surprise of meeting the heron.
An old Chinese general led his army to a river with a steep bank. Standing atop the bank, he held a stick 6 feet long perpendicular to himself.
Make a crown of gold copper, tin, and iron weighing 60 minae: gold and copper shall be 2/3 of it; gold and tin, 3/4 of it; and gold and iron, 3/5 of it. Find the required weights of gold, copper, tin, and iron.
A man and his wife drink a barrel of wine at different rates. Find the rate it takes both of them together to drink the wine.
Having been given the sum of two numbers,a, and the difference of their squares,b, find the numbers.
If a ladder, placed 8 ft. from the base of a building 40 ft. high, just reached the top, how far must it be placed from the base of the building that it may reach a point 10 ft. from the top?