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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Two men have a certain amount of money. The first says to the second, "If you give me 5 denari, I will have 7 times what you have left."
Having been given the lengths, a and b, of two straight lines drawn from the acute angles of a right triangle to the middle of the opposite sides, determine the lengths of those sides.
In order to encourage his son in the study of arithmetic, a father agrees to pay him 8 pennies for every problem solved correctly and to charge him 5 pennies for each incorrect solution.
There is a fish whose body weighs 8oz. Tell me how much the whole fish weighs?
There is a round town 8000 feet in circumference.
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
There is a tree with 100 branches. How many nests, eggs and birds are there?
Now there are six-headed four-legged animals and four-headed two-legged birds placed together.
Two men starting from the same point begin walking in different directions. Their rates of travel are in the ratio 7:3.
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions