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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

The perimeters of two similar triangles are 45 and 135 respectively. One side of the first triangle has length 11″ and a second side, 19″. Find the lengths of the sides of the second triangle.
What is the value of X...
A boy gives 11 coins of equal denomination to a man, and the man finds that their total value in yen is 4 less than his age.
There were two men, of whom the first had 3 small loaves of bread and the other, 2.
Show that the curves x2 - y2 = a2 and 2 xy = b2 cross at right angles.
Two men have a certain amount of money. The first says to the second, "If you give me 5 denari, I will have 7 times what you have left."
What proportions of sugar at 8 cents, 10 cents and 14 cents per pound, will compose a mixture worth 12 cents per pound?
Fibonacci gave a practical rule for approximating the area of an equilateral triangle.
If I were to give 7 pennies to each beggar at my door, I would have 24 pennies left in my purse. How many beggars are there and how much money do I have?
A horse halving its speed every day runs 700 miles in 7 days.

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