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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
In Archimedes' Book of Lemmas (ca 250), he introduces a figure that, due to its shape, has historically been known as "the shoemaker's knife" or arbelos.
Three persons bought a sugar loaf in the form of a perfect cone 25"" high and agreed to divide it...what was the slant height of each one's share?
Problems from a 15th century French manuscript, including one with negative solutions
You have two sums of money, the difference of which is 2 dirhams; you divide the smaller sum by the larger and the quotient is equal to 1/2. What are the two sums of money?
Now a pile of rice is against a wall, it has a base perimeter of 60 feet and a height of 12 feet.
An old Chinese general led his army to a river with a steep bank. Standing atop the bank, he held a stick 6 feet long perpendicular to himself.
Make a crown of gold copper, tin, and iron weighing 60 minae: gold and copper shall be 2/3 of it; gold and tin, 3/4 of it; and gold and iron, 3/5 of it. Find the required weights of gold, copper, tin, and iron.
What number which being increased by 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4 of itself, the sum shall be 75?
A gentleman has bought a rectangular piece of land whose perimeter is to be 100 rods.