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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

One says that 10 is divided into three parts and if the small part is multiplied by itself and added to the middle one multiplied by itself the result is the large one multiplied by itself...
Three congruent circles of radius 6 inches are mutually tangent to one another. Compute the area enclosed between them.
There are two numbers which are to each other as 5 and 6 and the sum of their squares is 2196. What are the numbers?
Determine the dimensions for a right-angled triangle, having been given the hypotenuse, and the side of the inscribed square.
Suppose a ladder 60 feet long is placed in a street so as to reach a window 37 feet above the ground on one side of the street...
Three equal circumferences with radii 6" are tangent to each other. Compute the area enclosed between them.
Twenty-three weary travelers entered a delightful forest. There they found 63 numerically equal piles of plantain fruit.
A boy gives 11 coins of equal denomination to a man, and the man finds that their total value in yen is 4 less than his age.
A certain bishop ordered that 12 loaves be divided among his clergy.
There were two men, of whom the first had 3 small loaves of bread and the other, 2.