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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

A tree 100 units high is 200 units distant from a well; from this tree one monkey climbs down and goes to the well...
A father left $20,000 to be divided among his four sons ages 6, 8, 10, and 12 years respectively so that each share placed at 4 1/2 compounded interest should amount to the same value when its possessor becomes the age 21.
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
Given a right triangle where you know the length of the base and the sum of the perpendicular side and the hypotenuse.

What will the diameter of a sphere be, when its volume and surface area are expressed by the same number?
If 40 oranges are worth 60 apples, and 75 apples are worth 7 dozen peaches, and 100 peaches are worth 1 box of grapes and three boxes of grapes are worth 40 pounds of pecans, how many peaches can be bought for 100 oranges?
A man has four creditors. To the first he owes 624 ducats; to the second, 546; to the third, 492; and to the fourth 368.
One hundred men besieged in a castle, have sufficient food to allow each one bread to the weight of 14 lot a day for ten months.
A man bought a number of sheep for $225; 10 of them having died, he sold 4/5 of the remainder for the same cost and received $150 for them. How many did he buy?
A merchant woman buys and sells apples and pears for Denaros. How much did she invest in apples; how much in pears?

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