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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Given a guest on horseback rides 300 li in a day. The guest leaves his clothes behind. The host discovers them after 1/3 day, and he starts out with the clothes.
There are two numbers whose sum equals the difference of their squares.
A four-sided town measures 1100 feet on one side and 1000 feet on the other side, on one edge 600 and the other edge 600.
A bridge is built across a river in 6 months by 45 men. It is washed away by the current. Required the number of workmen sufficient to build another of twice as much worth in 4 months.
The triangle ABC has a right angle at C. Show that 1/ED=1/AC+1/AB
A merchant bought 50,000 pounds of pepper in Portugal for 10,000 scudi and paid a tax of 500 scudi.
Find a number having remainder 29 when divided by 30 and remainder 3 when divided by 4.
A man went to a draper and bought a length of cloth 35 braccia long to make a suit of clothes.
Two circles, the sum of whose radii is a, are placed in the same plane with their centers at a distance 2a...
Three congruent circles of radius 6 inches are mutually tangent to one another. Compute the area enclosed between them.

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