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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Twenty-three weary travelers entered a delightful forest. There they found 63 numerically equal piles of plantain fruit.
A certain bishop ordered that 12 loaves be divided among his clergy.
My age is a number consisting of two digits, 1/2 of this number is a mean proportional between these two digits, and two years hence, my age will be a third proportional to the same two digits, directly as they stand in my present age.
Thirty flasks-10 full, 10 half-empty, and 10 completely empty- are to be divided among 3 sons so that flasks and contents should be shared equally. How may this be done?
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
Now there are three sisters who leave home together.
There are four companies, in one of which there are 6 men, in another 8, and in each of the remaining two, 9 men. How many ways can a committee of 4 men be composed by choosing one man from each company?
Given a rectangle, find the line through one vertex of minimum length that passes through the extensions of the two opposite sides.
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
There is a four-sided field whose eastern side measures 35 paces, its western side 45 paces, its southern side 25 paces and its northern side 15 paces. Find the area of this field.