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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Given a triangular piece of land having two sides 10 yards in length and its base 12 yards, what is the largest square that can be constructed within this piece of land so that one of its sides lies along the base of the triangle?
Given the cats eye as shown. Let the radius of the eye be given by R. What is the area of the pupil?
There are two columns in the ruins of Persepolis left standing upright; one is 70 ft. above the plane, and the other 50 ft;
Three hundred pigs are to be prepared for a feast.
If 12 cattle eat up 3 1/3 acres of meadow in 4 weeks and 21 cattle eat up 10 acres of exactly similar meadow in 9 weeks, how many cattle shall eat up 36 acres in 18 weeks? (Hint: The grass continues to grow.)
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
If a ball 6 inches in diameter weighs 32 lbs, what will be the weight of a ball 3 inches in diameter?
A fox, a raccoon, and a hound pass through customs and together pay 111 coins.
Find the two numbers such that multiplying one by the other makes 8 and the sum of their squares is 27
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions

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