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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

The dimensions of a rectangular box in inches are expressed by three consecutive numbers. The surface of the box is 292 square inches. Find the dimensions.
A leech invited a slug for a lunch a leuca away.
Given two circle tangent at the point P with parallel diameters AB, CD, prove that APD and BPC are straight lines.
A merchant bought 50,000 pounds of pepper in Portugal for 10,000 scudi and paid a tax of 500 scudi.
Find a number having remainder 29 when divided by 30 and remainder 3 when divided by 4.
Seven men held equal shares in a grinding stone 5 feet in diameter. What part of the diameter should each grind away?
Given a pyramid 300 cubits high, with a square base 500 cubits to a side, determine the distance from the center of any side to the apex.
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
An oblong garden is a half yard longer than it is wide and consists entirely of a gravel walk...
In a rectangle, having given the diagonal and perimeter, find the sides