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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Two merchants, A and B, loaded a ship with 500 hhds (hogshead) of rum; A loaded 350 hhds, and B the rest; in a storm the seamen were obliged to throw overboard 100 hhds; how much must each sustain of the loss?
If a ball 6 inches in diameter weighs 32 lbs, what will be the weight of a ball 3 inches in diameter?
Find the two numbers such that multiplying one by the other makes 8 and the sum of their squares is 27
Given the cats eye as shown. Let the radius of the eye be given by R. What is the area of the pupil?
Three hundred pigs are to be prepared for a feast.
How high above the earth must a person be raised that he [or she] may see 1/3 of its surface?
Two men start walking at the same time and travel a distance. One is walking faster and completes the journey sooner. How fast did each man travel?
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
A fox, a raccoon, and a hound pass through customs and together pay 111 coins.
There is a log of precious wood 18 feet long whose bases are 5 feet and 2.5 feet in circumference. Into what lengths should the log be cut to trisect its volume?

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