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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Three people buy wood together. One pays the merchant 5 coins, another 3 coins, and the last 2 coins.
A fox, a raccoon, and a hound pass through customs and together pay 111 coins.
Find the area of the elliptical segment cut off parallel to the shorter axis;
A number of 3 digits in base 7 has the same three digits...
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
If two Post-boys, A and B at 59 miles distance from one another, set out in the morning in order to meet...
Curve sketching, tangent lines, and optimization, explored via interactive applets
The square of a certain number multiplied by itself and by 200 is 446,976. What is the number?
Suppose that for every 4 cows a farmer has, he should plow 1 acre of land, and allow 1 acre of pasture for every 3 cows; how many cows could he keep on 140 acres?
A vessel is anchored in 3 fathoms of water and the cable passes over a sheave in the bowspirt which is 6 ft above the water.