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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

In order to encourage his son in the study of arithmetic, a father agrees to pay him 8 pennies for every problem solved correctly and to charge him 5 pennies for each incorrect solution.
How much does Landowner A give to each worker knowing Landowner B gives a certain amount more and has few workers.
A certain bishop ordered that 12 loaves be divided among his clergy.
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
A California miner has a spherical ball of gold, 2 inches in diamter, which he wants to exchange for spherical balls 1 inch in diameter. How many of the smaller spheres should he receive?
Now there are three sisters who leave home together.
The sum of two numbers is 10 and their product is 40. What are the numbers?
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
In baking a hemispherical loaf of bread of 10" radius, the crust was everywhere of an equal thickness, and the solidity of the crust was equal to half the solid content of the whole loaf. What were the dimensions of the interior soft part?
There is a four-sided field whose eastern side measures 35 paces, its western side 45 paces, its southern side 25 paces and its northern side 15 paces. Find the area of this field.