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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

What it took to get an 8th grade education in 1895
A lion, a wolf and a fox each take a certain amount of time to eat a goat separately. How long would it take all these animals together to eat the goat?
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
What will the diameter of a sphere be, when its volume and surface area are expressed by the same number?
A man has four creditors. To the first he owes 624 ducats; to the second, 546; to the third, 492; and to the fourth 368.
Three persons bought a sugar loaf in the form of a perfect cone 25"" high and agreed to divide it...what was the slant height of each one's share?
You have two sums of money, the difference of which is 2 dirhams; you divide the smaller sum by the larger and the quotient is equal to 1/2. What are the two sums of money?
A man bought a number of sheep for $225; 10 of them having died, he sold 4/5 of the remainder for the same cost and received $150 for them. How many did he buy?
A barrel has various holes in it. The fist hole empties the barrel in three days...
An old Chinese general led his army to a river with a steep bank. Standing atop the bank, he held a stick 6 feet long perpendicular to himself.