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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

A man has four creditors. To the first he owes 624 ducats; to the second, 546; to the third, 492; and to the fourth 368.
Determine the radii of three equal circles decribed within and tangent to a given circle, and also tangent to each other
The radius of a circle is 3.20 meters. Compute to within .001m the areas of the inscribed and circumscribed equilateral triangles.
Prove geometrically that the hypocycloid is a straight line when the radius of the rolling circle is one-half the radius of the fixed circle.
The third part of a necklace of pearls, broken in a lover's quarrel, fell to the ground...
A boy gives 11 coins of equal denomination to a man, and the man finds that their total value in yen is 4 less than his age.
There were two men, of whom the first had 3 small loaves of bread and the other, 2.
Given the fraction ax/ (a-x ), convert it into an infinite series.
A two door gate of unknown width is opened so that a 2 inch gap exists between the two doors.
What proportions of sugar at 8 cents, 10 cents and 14 cents per pound, will compose a mixture worth 12 cents per pound?