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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Given a triangular piece of land having two sides 10 yards in length and its base 12 yards, what is the largest square that can be constructed within this piece of land so that one of its sides lies along the base of the triangle?
Now there are six-headed four-legged animals and four-headed two-legged birds placed together.
There are two columns in the ruins of Persepolis left standing upright; one is 70 ft. above the plane, and the other 50 ft;
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
If 12 cattle eat up 3 1/3 acres of meadow in 4 weeks and 21 cattle eat up 10 acres of exactly similar meadow in 9 weeks, how many cattle shall eat up 36 acres in 18 weeks? (Hint: The grass continues to grow.)
There is a four-sided field whose eastern side measures 35 paces, its western side 45 paces, its southern side 25 paces and its northern side 15 paces. Find the area of this field.
If a ball 6 inches in diameter weighs 32 lbs, what will be the weight of a ball 3 inches in diameter?
Find the two numbers such that multiplying one by the other makes 8 and the sum of their squares is 27
The sum of the two digits of a 2-digit number is 9. If 45 is subtracted from the number, the result will be expressed by the digits in reverse order. Find the number.
To find three quantities x.y, and z...