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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Three men have a pile of money, their shares being 1/2, 1/3 and 1/6. Each man takes some money from the pile until nothing is left.
Find the area of the elliptical segment cut off parallel to the shorter axis;
The three sides of a triangular piece of land, taken in order, measure 15, 10, and 13 chains respectively.
Two circles, the sum of whose radii is a, are placed in the same plane with their centers at a distance 2a...
Three congruent circles of radius 6 inches are mutually tangent to one another. Compute the area enclosed between them.
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
After a terrible battle it is found that 70% of the soldiers have lost an eye.
Determine the radii of three equal circles decribed within and tangent to a given circle, and also tangent to each other
The radius of a circle is 3.20 meters. Compute to within .001m the areas of the inscribed and circumscribed equilateral triangles.
Problems from a 15th century French manuscript, including one with negative solutions