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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

A person has a circular yard that is 150 ft. in diameter, and wishes a walk of equal width made round it within the fence...
Having been given the lengths, a and b, of two straight lines drawn from the acute angles of a right triangle to the middle of the opposite sides, determine the lengths of those sides.
There is a fish whose body weighs 8oz. Tell me how much the whole fish weighs?
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
After a terrible battle it is found that 70% of the soldiers have lost an eye.
A father wills his estate valued at $40, 000 to his three children. Before the settlement one of the children dies. What should the other two receive?
Of the two water reeds, the one grows 3 feet and the other 1 foot on the first day. The growth of the first becomes every day half of that of the preceding day, while the other grows twice as much as on the day before.
Problems from a 15th century French manuscript, including one with negative solutions
Now a pile of rice is against a wall, it has a base perimeter of 60 feet and a height of 12 feet.
The cost per hour of running a certain steamboat is proportional to the cube of its velocity in still water. At what speed should it be run to make a trip up stream against a four-mile current most economically?