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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

The sum of two numbers is 10 and their product is 40. What are the numbers?
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
It is required to determine whether 30 horses can be put into 7 stalls; so that in every stall there may be, either a single horse, or an odd number of horses.
A man, woman, and two boys desire to cross a river, but their boat has weight restrictions!
One says that 10 garments were purchased by two men at a price of 72 dirhams. The garments varied in value. The price of each garment of one man is 3 dirhams more than the price for each garment of the other. How many garments did each man buy?
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
There are two columns in the ruins of Persepolis left standing upright; one is 70 ft. above the plane, and the other 50 ft;
Heron of Alexandria (ca 200) wrote on many aspects of applied mathematics.
If 12 cattle eat up 3 1/3 acres of meadow in 4 weeks and 21 cattle eat up 10 acres of exactly similar meadow in 9 weeks, how many cattle shall eat up 36 acres in 18 weeks? (Hint: The grass continues to grow.)
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions