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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Two men start walking at the same time and travel a distance. One is walking faster and completes the journey sooner. How fast did each man travel?
Given four numbers whose sum is 9900; the second exceeds the first by 1/7 of the first...
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
There is a log of precious wood 18 feet long whose bases are 5 feet and 2.5 feet in circumference. Into what lengths should the log be cut to trisect its volume?
A man, woman, and two boys desire to cross a river, but their boat has weight restrictions!
A merchant gave a university 2,814 ducats on the understanding that he was to be paid back 618 ducats per year for 9 years, at the end of which the 2,814 ducats should be considered as paid.
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
It is required to determine whether 30 horses can be put into 7 stalls; so that in every stall there may be, either a single horse, or an odd number of horses.
Heron of Alexandria (ca 200) wrote on many aspects of applied mathematics.
One says that 10 garments were purchased by two men at a price of 72 dirhams. The garments varied in value. The price of each garment of one man is 3 dirhams more than the price for each garment of the other. How many garments did each man buy?