Two officers each have a company of men, the one has 40 less than the other.

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Two officers each have a company of men, the one has 40 less than the other.

There is a log of precious wood 18 feet long whose bases are 5 feet and 2.5 feet in circumference. Into what lengths should the log be cut to trisect its volume?

A merchant gave a university 2,814 ducats on the understanding that he was to be paid back 618 ducats per year for 9 years, at the end of which the 2,814 ducats should be considered as paid.

A number is required; that the square shall be equal to twice the cube.

A leech invited a slug for a lunch a leuca away.

It is required to determine whether 30 horses can be put into 7 stalls; so that in every stall there may be, either a single horse, or an odd number of horses.

One says that 10 garments were purchased by two men at a price of 72 dirhams. The garments varied in value. The price of each garment of one man is 3 dirhams more than the price for each garment of the other. How many garments did each man buy?

Chuquet claimed that if given positive numbers a, b, c, d then (a + b) / (c + d) lies between a/c and b/d. Is he correct? Prove your answer

Determine a number having remainders 2, 3, 2 when divided by 3, 5, 7 respectively.

If an equilateral triangle whose area is equal to 10,000 square feet be surrounded by a walk of uniform width, and equal to the area of the inscribed circle, what is the width of the walk?