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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

What is the perpendicular height of a cloud when it's angles of elevation were 35 degrees and 64 degrees as taken by two observers?
How much does Landowner A give to each worker knowing Landowner B gives a certain amount more and has few workers.
A number is required; that the square shall be equal to twice the cube.
A leech invited a slug for a lunch a leuca away.
Find the height of a window.
A man entered an orchard through 7 gates, and there took a certain number of apples. When he left the orchard, he gave the first guard half the apples he had and 1 apple more.
Chuquet claimed that if given positive numbers a, b, c, d then (a + b) / (c + d) lies between a/c and b/d. Is he correct? Prove your answer
Determine a number having remainders 2, 3, 2 when divided by 3, 5, 7 respectively.
In baking a hemispherical loaf of bread of 10" radius, the crust was everywhere of an equal thickness, and the solidity of the crust was equal to half the solid content of the whole loaf. What were the dimensions of the interior soft part?
Given a triangular piece of land having two sides 10 yards in length and its base 12 yards, what is the largest square that can be constructed within this piece of land so that one of its sides lies along the base of the triangle?

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