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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

How much does Landowner A give to each worker knowing Landowner B gives a certain amount more and has few workers.
A railway train strikes a snowdrift which creates a constant resistance. How long does it take the snow to stop the train?
One military horse cannot pull a load of 40 dan; neither can 2 ordinary horses, nor can three inferior horses.
Find the height of a window.
A man entered an orchard through 7 gates, and there took a certain number of apples. When he left the orchard, he gave the first guard half the apples he had and 1 apple more.
Three men have a pile of money, their shares being 1/2, 1/3 and 1/6. Each man takes some money from the pile until nothing is left.
A person has a circular yard that is 150 ft. in diameter, and wishes a walk of equal width made round it within the fence...
My age is a number consisting of two digits, 1/2 of this number is a mean proportional between these two digits, and two years hence, my age will be a third proportional to the same two digits, directly as they stand in my present age.
Thirty flasks-10 full, 10 half-empty, and 10 completely empty- are to be divided among 3 sons so that flasks and contents should be shared equally. How may this be done?
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.