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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

A set of four congruent circles whose centers form a square is inscribed in a right triangle ABC where C is the right angle and serves as one corner of the square. Find their radius in terms of the sides; a,b,c, of the triangle.
Two ants are 100 paces apart, crawling back and forth along the same path. The first goes 1/3 pace forward a day and returns 1/4 pace; the other goes forward 1/5 pace and returns 1/6 pace. How many days before the first ant overtakes the second?
A man bought a number of sheep for $225; 10 of them having died, he sold 4/5 of the remainder for the same cost and received $150 for them. How many did he buy?
A barrel has various holes in it. The fist hole empties the barrel in three days...
A man plants 4 kernels of corn, which at harvest produce 32 kernels: these he plants the second year; now supposing the annual increase to continue 8 fold, what would be the produce of the 15th year, allowing 1000 kernels to a pint?
If an arc of 45 degrees on one circumference is equal to an arc of 60 degrees on another circle, what is the ratio of the areas of the circle?
Determine the different values of x, when a certain function hits a minimum.
Given a door and a measuring rod of unknown dimensions, the rod is used to measure the door.
Knowing the base, b, and the altitude, a, of a triangle. Find the expression for a side of the inscribed square.
Now there are 100 deers [being distributed] in a city. If one household has one deer there is a remainder...Find the number of households in the city.

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