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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Rabbits and pheasants are put in a basket.
Given a right triangle where you know the length of the base and the sum of the perpendicular side and the hypotenuse.

Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
If 40 oranges are worth 60 apples, and 75 apples are worth 7 dozen peaches, and 100 peaches are worth 1 box of grapes and three boxes of grapes are worth 40 pounds of pecans, how many peaches can be bought for 100 oranges?
Two men brought their fish through customs. Find how much the fish cost, and what is the customs fee.
One hundred men besieged in a castle, have sufficient food to allow each one bread to the weight of 14 lot a day for ten months.
A merchant woman buys and sells apples and pears for Denaros. How much did she invest in apples; how much in pears?
The perimeters of two similar triangles are 45 and 135 respectively. One side of the first triangle has length 11″ and a second side, 19″. Find the lengths of the sides of the second triangle.
Suppose General [George] Washington had 800 men and was supplied with provisions to last 2 months but he needed to feed his army for 7 months.
If you are h feet tall and walk all the way around the Earth, keeping to the same circumference, how much farther has your head gone than your feet when you complete the journey?

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