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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Find the two numbers such that multiplying one by the other makes 8 and the sum of their squares is 27
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
How high above the earth must a person be raised that he [or she] may see 1/3 of its surface?
A man, woman, and two boys desire to cross a river, but their boat has weight restrictions!
Two men start walking at the same time and travel a distance. One is walking faster and completes the journey sooner. How fast did each man travel?
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
Heron of Alexandria (ca 200) wrote on many aspects of applied mathematics.
There is a log of precious wood 18 feet long whose bases are 5 feet and 2.5 feet in circumference. Into what lengths should the log be cut to trisect its volume?
A merchant gave a university 2,814 ducats on the understanding that he was to be paid back 618 ducats per year for 9 years, at the end of which the 2,814 ducats should be considered as paid.
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions