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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

In a square box that contains 1000 marbles, how many will it take to reach across the bottom of the box in a straight row?
If in a circle ABDC, circumscribe an equilateral triangle ABC; the straight line AD is equal to the sum of the two straight lines BD and DC: required a demonstration.
A cat sitting on a wall 4 cubits high saw a rat prowling 8 cubits from the foot of the wall;
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
A man, woman, and two boys desire to cross a river, but their boat has weight restrictions!
What proportions of sugar at 8 cents, 10 cents and 14 cents per pound, will compose a mixture worth 12 cents per pound?
Fibonacci gave a practical rule for approximating the area of an equilateral triangle.
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
Heron of Alexandria (ca 200) wrote on many aspects of applied mathematics.
The dimensions of a rectangular box in inches are expressed by three consecutive numbers. The surface of the box is 292 square inches. Find the dimensions.