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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Show that the curves x2 - y2 = a2 and 2 xy = b2 cross at right angles.
A lion, a wolf and a fox each take a certain amount of time to eat a goat separately. How long would it take all these animals together to eat the goat?
The highest point of the Andes is about 4 miles above sea level.
In order to encourage his son in the study of arithmetic, a father agrees to pay him 8 pennies for every problem solved correctly and to charge him 5 pennies for each incorrect solution.
Three persons bought a sugar loaf in the form of a perfect cone 25"" high and agreed to divide it...what was the slant height of each one's share?
There is a round town 8000 feet in circumference.
You have two sums of money, the difference of which is 2 dirhams; you divide the smaller sum by the larger and the quotient is equal to 1/2. What are the two sums of money?
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
An old Chinese general led his army to a river with a steep bank. Standing atop the bank, he held a stick 6 feet long perpendicular to himself.
Now there are six-headed four-legged animals and four-headed two-legged birds placed together.

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