Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

A tree is 20 feet tall and has a circumference of 3 feet. There is a vine that winds seven equally spaced times around the tree and reaches the top. What is the length of the vine?

There is a four-sided field whose eastern side measures 35 paces, its western side 45 paces, its southern side 25 paces and its northern side 15 paces. Find the area of this field.

A speculator bought stock at 25% below par and sold it at 20% above par. He gained $1560. How much did he invest?

Given: a circle with an inscribed equilateral triangle. The triangle has an area of 12 square units. What is the area of the circle?

The sum of the two digits of a 2-digit number is 9. If 45 is subtracted from the number, the result will be expressed by the digits in reverse order. Find the number.

To find three quantities x.y, and z...

If 80 dollars worth of provisions will serve 20 men for 25 days, what number of men will the same amount of provisions serve for 10 days?

Two persons sat down to play for a certain sum of money; and agree that the first who gets three games shall be the winner. After a few games they resolve to divide the stakes. How much should each person receive?

There are two numbers which are to each other as 5 and 6 and the sum of their squares is 2196. What are the numbers?