Two officers each have a company of men, the one has 40 less than the other.

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Two officers each have a company of men, the one has 40 less than the other.

Four men already having denari found a purse of denari; each man has a different amount of denari before they found the purse. Find out how much denari each man has.

A number is required; that the square shall be equal to twice the cube.

A gentleman has bought a rectangular piece of land whose perimeter is to be 100 rods; and he is to pay 1 dollar for each rod in the length of the land and 3 dollars for each rod in the breath of the land.

A leech invited a slug for a lunch a leuca away.

How long does it take a single man to do work when...

Chuquet claimed that if given positive numbers a, b, c, d then (a + b) / (c + d) lies between a/c and b/d. Is he correct? Prove your answer

Determine a number having remainders 2, 3, 2 when divided by 3, 5, 7 respectively.

Given the dimensions of an isosceles trapezoid find the length of the transversal drawn parallel to the bases that divides the trapezoid into 2 equal areas.

The number 50 is divided by a certain number. If the divisor is increased by 3, the quotient decreases by 3.75. What is the number?