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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

A horse halving its speed every day runs 700 miles in 7 days.
Suppose a man had put out one cent at compound interest in 1620, what would have been the amount in 1824, allowing it to double once in 12 years?
A circle, a square and an equilateral triangle all have the same perimeter equal to 1 meter. Compare their areas.
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
Rabbits and pheasants are put in a basket.
Gun metal of a certain grade is composed of 16% tin and 84% copper. How much tin must be added to 410 lbs. of this gun metal to make a composition of 18% tin?
Now there are six-headed four legged animals and four-headed two-legged birds. Find the total number of animals and birds.
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
There is a number which when divided by 2, or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6 always has a remainder of 1 and is truly divisible by 7. It is sought what is the number?
Seven men held equal shares in a grinding stone 5 feet in diameter. What part of the diameter should each grind away?