What it took to get an 8th grade education in 1895

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

What it took to get an 8th grade education in 1895

A ladder is placed perpendicular to the plane of the horizon, and in coincidence with the plane of an upright wall.

A lion, a wolf and a fox each take a certain amount of time to eat a goat separately. How long would it take all these animals together to eat the goat?

Two wine merchants enter Paris, one of them with 64 casks of wine, the other with 20.

The three sides of a triangular piece of land, taken in order, measure 15, 10, and 13 chains respectively.

Three persons bought a sugar loaf in the form of a perfect cone 25"" high and agreed to divide it...what was the slant height of each one's share?

You have two sums of money, the difference of which is 2 dirhams; you divide the smaller sum by the larger and the quotient is equal to 1/2. What are the two sums of money?

The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.

After a terrible battle it is found that 70% of the soldiers have lost an eye.

An old Chinese general led his army to a river with a steep bank. Standing atop the bank, he held a stick 6 feet long perpendicular to himself.