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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

What is the perpendicular height of a cloud when it's angles of elevation were 35 degrees and 64 degrees as taken by two observers?
A leech invited a slug for a lunch a leuca away.
How much does Landowner A give to each worker knowing Landowner B gives a certain amount more and has few workers.
Chuquet claimed that if given positive numbers a, b, c, d then (a + b) / (c + d) lies between a/c and b/d. Is he correct? Prove your answer
Determine a number having remainders 2, 3, 2 when divided by 3, 5, 7 respectively.
Find the height of a window.
A man entered an orchard through 7 gates, and there took a certain number of apples. When he left the orchard, he gave the first guard half the apples he had and 1 apple more.
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
Two travelers, starting at the same time from the same point, travel in opposite directions round a circular railway.
My age is a number consisting of two digits, 1/2 of this number is a mean proportional between these two digits, and two years hence, my age will be a third proportional to the same two digits, directly as they stand in my present age.