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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

The king of France entered into a battle and was defeated. How many soldiers did he have before he was defeated?
A man bought a number of sheep for $225; 10 of them having died, he sold 4/5 of the remainder for the same cost and received $150 for them. How many did he buy?
A barrel has various holes in it. The fist hole empties the barrel in three days...
What is the perpendicular height of a cloud when its angles of elevation were 35 degrees and 64 degrees as taken by two observers at the same time...
When knowing the sum of their ages along with another equation, determine how old a father and son are.
Determine the different values of x, when a certain function hits a minimum.
Given a door and a measuring rod of unknown dimensions, the rod is used to measure the door.
A California miner has a spherical ball of gold, 2 inches in diamter, which he wants to exchange for spherical balls 1 inch in diameter. How many of the smaller spheres should he receive?
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
The sum of two numbers is 10 and their product is 40. What are the numbers?