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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

The square root of half the number of bees in a swarm has flown out upon a jessamine bush; 8/9 of the swarm has remained behind.
There is a garden is the shape of a rhombus whose side is 768.52 feet. Within the garden is an inscribed square flower bed whose side is 396 feet. What is the area of the garden?
A man hired a horse in London at 3 pence a mile. He rode 94 miles due West to Bristol then due north to Chester, whence he returned toward London for 66 miles, which put him in Coventry.
A tree is 20 feet tall and has a circumference of 3 feet. There is a vine that winds seven equally spaced times around the tree and reaches the top. What is the length of the vine?
The purchase price for an apple and an orange is 100 yen. When n oranges and n + 3 apples are bought the price is 520 yen. Find the number n of oranges and the price of one orange.
Having been given the perimeter and perpendicular of a right angled triangle, it is required to find the triangle.
A speculator bought stock at 25% below par and sold it at 20% above par. He gained $1560. How much did he invest?
Given: a circle with an inscribed equilateral triangle. The triangle has an area of 12 square units. What is the area of the circle?
Determine the dimensions of the least isosceles triangle ACD that can circumscribe a given circle.
Determine the greatest cylinder that can be inscribed in a given cone.