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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

A certain slave fled from Milan to Naples going 1/10 of the whole journey each day. At the beginning of the third day, his master sent a slave after him and this slave went 1/7 of the whole journey each day.
A tree 100 units high is 200 units distant from a well; from this tree one monkey climbs down and goes to the well...
There is a round fish pond of certain dimensions, and into the pond is dropped a marble column. How high will the water rise?
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
What will the diameter of a sphere be, when its volume and surface area are expressed by the same number?
If you are h feet tall and walk all the way around the Earth, keeping to the same circumference, how much farther has your head gone than your feet when you complete the journey?
A man has four creditors. To the first he owes 624 ducats; to the second, 546; to the third, 492; and to the fourth 368.
The square root of half the number of bees in a swarm has flown out upon a jessamine bush; 8/9 of the swarm has remained behind.
A man bought a number of sheep for $225; 10 of them having died, he sold 4/5 of the remainder for the same cost and received $150 for them. How many did he buy?
A man hired a horse in London at 3 pence a mile. He rode 94 miles due West to Bristol then due north to Chester, whence he returned toward London for 66 miles, which put him in Coventry.