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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Given: a circle with an inscribed equilateral triangle. The triangle has an area of 12 square units. What is the area of the circle?
On a day in spring a boy has gathered cherry blossoms under a cherry tree. Nearby a poet is reading some of his poems aloud. As he reads, the boy counts out the cherry blossoms, one blossom for each word of a poem.
Given four integers where if added together three at a time their sums are: 20, 22, 24, and 27. What are the integers?
If 80 dollars worth of provisions will serve 20 men for 25 days, what number of men will the same amount of provisions serve for 10 days?
Two persons sat down to play for a certain sum of money; and agree that the first who gets three games shall be the winner. After a few games they resolve to divide the stakes. How much should each person receive?
In the figure at the left, if the radii of each inscribed circle is 1, what are the dimensions of the bounding rectangle?
There is a four sided field.
A certain slave fled from Milan to Naples going 1/10 of the whole journey each day. At the beginning of the third day, his master sent a slave after him and this slave went 1/7 of the whole journey each day.
There is a round fish pond of certain dimensions, and into the pond is dropped a marble column. How high will the water rise?
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students