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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Having been given the lengths, a and b, of two straight lines drawn from the acute angles of a right triangle to the middle of the opposite sides, determine the lengths of those sides.
There is a fish whose body weighs 8oz. Tell me how much the whole fish weighs?
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
There is a circle from within which a square is cut, the remaining portion having an area of 47.6255 square units.
There is a tree with 100 branches. How many nests, eggs and birds are there?
How a translation of Peano's counterexample to the 'theorem' that a zero Wronskian implies linear dependence can help your differential equations students
Two men starting from the same point begin walking in different directions. Their rates of travel are in the ratio 7:3.
A wooden log is encased in a wall. If we cut part of the wall away to a depth of 1 inch...
A cylindrical tin tomato can is to be made which shall have a given capacity. Find what should be the ratio of the height to the radius of the base that the smallest possible amount of tin shall be required.
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions