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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
There is a garden is the shape of a rhombus whose side is 768.52 feet. Within the garden is an inscribed square flower bed whose side is 396 feet. What is the area of the garden?
A man plants 4 kernels of corn, which at harvest produce 32 kernels: these he plants the second year; now supposing the annual increase to continue 8 fold, what would be the produce of the 15th year, allowing 1000 kernels to a pint?
If an arc of 45 degrees on one circumference is equal to an arc of 60 degrees on another circle, what is the ratio of the areas of the circle?
The purchase price for an apple and an orange is 100 yen. When n oranges and n + 3 apples are bought the price is 520 yen. Find the number n of oranges and the price of one orange.
Knowing the base, b, and the altitude, a, of a triangle. Find the expression for a side of the inscribed square.
Having been given the perimeter and perpendicular of a right angled triangle, it is required to find the triangle.
Now there are 100 deers [being distributed] in a city. If one household has one deer there is a remainder...Find the number of households in the city.
Determine the dimensions of the least isosceles triangle ACD that can circumscribe a given circle.
Given four numbers whose sum is 9900; the second exceeds the first by 1/7 of the first...