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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Heron of Alexandria (ca 200) wrote on many aspects of applied mathematics.
If two Post-boys, A and B at 59 miles distance from one another, set out in the morning in order to meet...
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
The square of a certain number multiplied by itself and by 200 is 446,976. What is the number?
There is a garden is the shape of a rhombus whose side is 768.52 feet. Within the garden is an inscribed square flower bed whose side is 396 feet. What is the area of the garden?
Suppose that for every 4 cows a farmer has, he should plow 1 acre of land, and allow 1 acre of pasture for every 3 cows; how many cows could he keep on 140 acres?
The cavity of our chimney is an upright parallelepiped, the diagonal of whose base is 60"; and the height of the lower side of the lintel above the plane of the floor is 40".
The purchase price for an apple and an orange is 100 yen. When n oranges and n + 3 apples are bought the price is 520 yen. Find the number n of oranges and the price of one orange.
Given a number, take 1/3 of the number away from itself and add 2. If this result is multiplied by itself, it equals the number plus 24. What is the number?
Having been given the perimeter and perpendicular of a right angled triangle, it is required to find the triangle.

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