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Problems from Another Time

Individual problems from throughout mathematics history, as well as articles that include problem sets for students.

Given the cats eye as shown. Let the radius of the eye be given by R. What is the area of the pupil?
If two Post-boys, A and B at 59 miles distance from one another, set out in the morning in order to meet...
Three hundred pigs are to be prepared for a feast.
The square of a certain number multiplied by itself and by 200 is 446,976. What is the number?
The authors recount the 'great tale' of Napier's and Burgi's parallel development of logarithms and urge you to use it in class.
Suppose that for every 4 cows a farmer has, he should plow 1 acre of land, and allow 1 acre of pasture for every 3 cows; how many cows could he keep on 140 acres?
A fox, a raccoon, and a hound pass through customs and together pay 111 coins.
The cavity of our chimney is an upright parallelepiped, the diagonal of whose base is 60"; and the height of the lower side of the lintel above the plane of the floor is 40".
Discussion of 15th century French manuscript, with translation of its problems, including one with negative solutions
Given a number, take 1/3 of the number away from itself and add 2. If this result is multiplied by itself, it equals the number plus 24. What is the number?